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#1
In this thread General Assembly members shall discuss the proposal "L#3 - Convention on Sovereignty and the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes". Voting shall commence only after the General Secretary initiates voting.

League of Nations | L#3 - Convention on Sovereignty and the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes

The States Parties to this Convention,
- Recognizing the inherent rights of sovereign states under customary international law.
- Desiring to codify those rights to advance international lawmaking.
- Emphasizing the hope that all states become party to this Convention.


Have Agreed as follows:

Article 1. Definitions.

For the purposes of this Convention:
“General Assembly” means the General Assembly of the League of Nations.
“Party” means a state party to this Convention.
“Secretary General” means the Secretary General of the League of Nations.
“Sovereignty” means the control recognized by Article 3.​

Article 2. Statehood.

1. A state as a person of international law is a juridical entity that has each of the following:
A permanent population.
A defined territory.
A government.
The capacity to enter into relations with the other states.​

2. A federal state constitutes a single person of international law.

3. A Punthite tribal entity is not a state.

Article 3. Sovereignty.

1. A state has absolute, exclusive control over its territory.

2. A state exists regardless of recognition by other states. Even before recognition, a state has the right to exercise its sovereignty and to defend its integrity and independence, all without limitation.

Article 4. Abrogation of Sovereignty.

A state may voluntarily abrogate, in part or whole, its sovereignty.

Article 5. Equal Sovereignty.

States are juridically equal, enjoy the same rights, and have equal sovereignty.

Article 6. Obligation of Non-Interference.

A state shall not intervene in the internal or external affairs of another state.

Article 7. Peaceful Settlement of Disputes.

A state shall seek to settle a dispute with another state through peaceful means including negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, and resort to regional agencies or arrangements.

Article 8. Peaceful Settlement of Convention Disputes.

1. The International Court shall have exclusive jurisdiction over a dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention. The International Court may issue provisional measures in support of its efforts to resolve a such a dispute. A party shall be bound by the decisions, and provisional measures, of the International Court concerning such a dispute.

2. Section 1 shall not be construed to prevent states from resolving a dispute pertaining to this Convention through other peaceful means including negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, and resort to regional agencies or arrangements.

Article 9. Amendment.

1. The General Assembly may propose an amendment to this Convention by approving a resolution calling for such amendment by a majority vote. The Secretary General shall provide a written copy of such proposal to all parties.

2. A party may propose an amendment to this Convention by written communication to the Secretary General. The Secretary General shall provide a written copy of such proposal to all parties.

3. If, within twelve months of the provision by the Secretary General to the parties of a proposal, the Secretary General has received from two-thirds the parties instruments of ratification of the proposal, then it shall be adopted, except if the proposal requires a larger number of ratifications, in which case it shall be adopted upon the receipt by the Secretary General of the appropriate number of instruments of ratification of the proposal.

4. An amendment shall bind those parties that have ratified it, either before or after its entry into force, and for all parties that accede to this Convention subsequent to the amendment’s entry into force. The rights and obligations of a nation that has not ratified the amendment, or acceded to this Convention following the entry into force of that amendment, shall remain unchanged.

5. An amendment shall enter into force thirty days following the deposit of the final instrument of ratification necessary for such amendment to be adopted. For a party that subsequently ratifies an amendment, the amendment shall enter into force for that party thirty days following following such ratification.

Article 10. Signature and Depository.

1. Upon approval by the General Assembly, this Convention shall be open for signature by states until its entry into force.

2. The Secretary General shall serve as depository for this Convention.

Article 11. Ratification and Accession.

1. This Convention is subject to the ratification of the signatories.

2. Following its entry into force, this Convention is open for accession by a state that has not signed this Convention.

3. The instruments of ratification and accession shall be deposited with the Secretary General.

Article 12. Entry into Force.

1. This Convention shall enter into force at noon on the thirtieth day following the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification this Convention with the Secretary General.

2. For a state that deposits its instrument of ratification following the entry into force of this Convention, this Convention shall enter into force for that state at noon on the thirtieth day following such deposit.

3. For a state that accedes to this Convention, this Convention shall enter into force for that state at noon on the thirtieth day following such accession.

Article 13. Reservations.

1. This Convention is not subject to reservations except as to Article 3(2), provided that a state may ratify this Convention with a declaration aimed at harmonizing its laws and regulations with the provisions of this Convention so long as such declaration does not purport to exclude or modify the binding legal effect of the provisions of this Convention.

2. This Article shall not be construed to permit a party to violate its constitution, charter, or similar basic law through the ratification of or accession to this Convention, except where such party has explicitly amended its constitution, charter, or similar basic law for the purpose of subverting the binding nature of this Convention.

Article 14. Duration and Withdrawal.

1. This Convention is of unlimited duration.

2. A party may withdraw from this Convention by giving written notice to the Secretary General. A party may provide reason for such withdrawal in such notice. A party’s withdrawal shall take effect at noon on the 365th day following the provision of such notice.

3. A party’s withdrawal from this Convention does not impact any right, obligation, or legal situation of that party created through the execution of this Convention prior to its termination for that party.

4. A party’s withdrawal from this Convention shall not impact the rights or obligations of other parties to this Convention, and shall not impact the obligation of a party to fulfil an obligation embodied in this Convention to which such party would be subject under international law independently of this Convention.

Article 15. Authentic Texts.

The text of this Convention, of which the English and Latin texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary General.
As per LoN rules, this proposal is predecided to Pass.
 
#2
The Faramanian Representative to the League of Nations, Ambassador Ercole Cillo, addresses the chamber. "Mister President, members of the assembly, I express the thanks of my government for your willingness to consider this proposal. The international community has for ages operated largely based upon rules of customary international law, but this system of uncodified regulations has left substantial unclarity in even the most basic areas of international affairs. As a first step towards changing this circumstance, Faramount has put forward this convention, which would codify certain basic rules regarding sovereignty."

"My government is absolutely committed to consent being the basis of all international lawmaking, however, and so we have elected to put this forward as a convention, not a statute of the League of Nations. We hope that all civilized nations will support this path, and ultimately, consent to be bound by this treaty. We believe it will be a first step towards creating norms that will foster international peace, security, and prosperity. Thank you."
 
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